Broker Check

Is Artificial Intelligence a Threat?

February 10, 2023

I recently asked some tough questions to one of the foremost experts on technology and its impact on financial markets. Here’s the transcription from our discussion.

How is artificial intelligence impacting financial markets?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is having a significant impact on the financial markets. Here are a few ways in which AI is being used in the financial industry:

  1. Trading: Many trading firms are using AI to analyze market data and make trades. AI algorithms can analyze market trends and identify trading opportunities faster than humans can. This can help traders make better, more informed decisions and potentially increase profits.
  2. Risk management: AI can also be used to help financial firms manage risk. By analyzing large amounts of data, AI algorithms can identify patterns and trends that may indicate potential risks. This can help financial firms better understand and mitigate risk.
  3. Fraud detection: AI can be used to detect fraudulent activity in financial transactions. By analyzing patterns in financial data, AI algorithms can identify unusual or suspicious activity that may indicate fraud.
  4. Customer service: AI is also being used to improve customer service in the financial industry. For example, chatbots and virtual assistants can help customers find information and answer questions, freeing up human customer service representatives to handle more complex tasks.

More specifically, how can artificial intelligence benefit retirement planning?

AI can potentially benefit retirement planning in a number of ways. Here are a few examples:

  1. Personalized financial planning: AI algorithms can analyze an individual's financial data and provide personalized recommendations for saving and investing for retirement. This can help people make more informed decisions about how to save for their retirement and ensure that their financial plan aligns with their long-term goals.
  2. Investment management: AI can also be used to help manage retirement investments. For example, AI algorithms can analyze market data and identify investment opportunities that align with an individual's risk tolerance and retirement goals.
  3. Fraud detection: AI can be used to detect fraudulent activity in financial transactions, which can help protect retirement savings from being lost to fraud.

It's important to note, however, that AI is just one tool that can be used in retirement planning, and it's important for individuals to also seek the advice of financial professionals when making important financial decisions.

What is quantum computing, and how could this impact investing and financial markets over the next decade?

Quantum computing is a type of computing that leverages the principles of quantum mechanics to process information. Unlike classical computers, which use bits to represent information as either 1s or 0s, quantum computers use quantum bits, or qubits, which can exist in multiple states at the same time. This allows quantum computers to perform certain calculations much faster and more efficiently than classical computers.

Quantum computing has the potential to revolutionize many industries, including finance. In particular, it could have a significant impact on investment and financial markets over the next decade by enabling faster and more accurate financial simulations and risk assessments. This could help investors make more informed investment decisions and allow financial institutions to manage risk more effectively.

Quantum computing could also help to solve complex optimization problems, such as portfolio optimization, which involves finding the best portfolio of investments that maximizes returns while minimizing risk. By solving these problems more quickly and accurately, quantum computing could help investors make better investment decisions.

However, it's important to note that quantum computing is still in its early stages of development, and it will take some time for it to mature and reach its full potential.

What is “big data,” and how are investors using it to make better decisions?

Big data refers to the vast amounts of data generated by modern technologies, such as social media, sensors, and other digital devices. This data is characterized by its large volume, high velocity, and diverse nature, which makes it difficult to process and analyze using traditional data processing techniques.

Investors are using big data to make better investment decisions in a number of ways:

  1. Predictive analytics: Big data can be used to analyze market trends and patterns, as well as to build predictive models that help investors make informed investment decisions. For example, big data can be used to analyze social media sentiment and news articles to identify trends in public opinion, which can inform investment decisions.
  2. Risk management: Big data can be used to better understand and manage investment risk. For example, big data can be used to analyze market data in real-time and identify potential risk factors, such as changes in market conditions or economic indicators. This can help investors make more informed investment decisions and manage risk more effectively.
  3. Algorithmic trading: Big data can be used to inform algorithmic trading strategies, which use algorithms to trade stocks and other financial instruments faster and more efficiently than humans can. Algorithmic trading strategies can be based on big data analysis of market data, such as price and volume data, as well as on news articles and social media sentiment.
  4. Fraud detection: Big data can be used to detect fraud in financial markets by analyzing large amounts of market data to identify anomalies and suspicious behavior. This can help financial institutions prevent and detect fraud, which can help to protect investors' interests.

As the volume of big data continues to grow, it is likely that investors will find new and innovative ways to leverage it to improve their investment strategies and achieve better returns.

What is a “neural network,” and how can it be used to make better investment decisions?

A neural network is a type of AI that is designed to simulate the structure and function of the human brain. It consists of interconnected nodes or "neurons" that process information and make predictions based on that information.

Neural networks can be used to make better investment decisions by analyzing large amounts of financial data, such as stock prices, economic indicators, and news articles, and identifying patterns and trends that can inform investment decisions. For example, a neural network can be trained to analyze stock market data and make predictions about future stock prices.

By analyzing vast amounts of data, neural networks can identify complex relationships between various market factors that may not be immediately apparent to humans. This can provide valuable insights into market trends and help investors make more informed investment decisions.

It's important to note, however, that while neural networks can be a valuable tool for investors, they are not a guarantee of investment success. They rely on the quality of the data used to train them, and like all AI algorithms, they can be subject to biases and limitations. Additionally, it's important for investors to understand how neural networks are making predictions and to seek the advice of financial professionals when making important investment decisions.

It doesn’t sound like any human being can compete with stuff like this. Do you think computers will eventually replace the need for financial advisors?

Computers and artificial intelligence (AI) are changing the financial industry, but it is unlikely that they will completely replace the need for financial advisors. While AI algorithms can analyze data and make predictions faster and more accurately than humans can, they lack the human judgment and emotional intelligence that is essential for effective financial planning.

Financial advisors bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise to the table, including an understanding of market trends, economic indicators, and tax laws. They are also able to provide personalized advice and support to their clients, taking into account their individual financial goals, risk tolerance, and other important factors.

Additionally, financial planning involves more than just analyzing data and making investment decisions. It also involves developing a comprehensive financial plan, helping clients manage their debts, and preparing for unexpected events like job loss or medical expenses. These tasks require empathy, communication skills, and a deep understanding of human behavior, which are not things that can be easily automated by AI algorithms.

In conclusion, while AI has the potential to make financial planning more efficient and accessible, it is unlikely to completely replace the need for financial advisors. Financial advisors play a valuable role in helping people achieve their financial goals, and they will continue to be a valuable resource for individuals and families in the years to come. 

Last question. What are a few of your favorite quotes about investing or financial markets?

Here are a few of my favorite quotes about investing and financial markets:

  1. "The stock market is filled with individuals who know the price of everything, but the value of nothing." - Philip Fisher
  2. "In the short run, the market is a voting machine, but in the long run, it is a weighing machine." - Benjamin Graham
  3. "The four most dangerous words in investing are: 'this time it's different.'" - Sir John Templeton
  4. "The stock market is a device for transferring money from the impatient to the patient." - Warren Buffett
  5. "If you don't find a way to make money while you sleep, you will work until you die." - Warren Buffett

The bottom line

If any of the subjects above feel over your head, don’t worry because you’re not alone. Concepts like neural networks and quantum computing can confuse even the most sophisticated Silicon Valley venture capitalists and Wall Street warriors.

That’s why I chose not to conduct this interview with either cohort but rather with a computer. More specifically, an AI-powered search tool called ChatGPT released late last year ( It’s capable of answering questions and fueling debates on almost any subject, and it does so by responding in near-perfect English.

I’m serious. A website generated every word in the “interview” above. I entered a question into the search box, waited a few seconds, and then copied the response. Here’s proof:

This new AI tool has taken the internet by storm. According to a UBS study this week, ChatGPT is estimated to have reached 100 million monthly active users in January, just two months after launch, making it the fastest-growing consumer application in history1. After playing with it for weeks now, it is by no means perfect, but seeing where this technology is headed is tantalizing.

There’s a saying that technology has never moved this fast and will never move this slow again. As investors, we have a choice. Either we can fight technological progression, or we can embrace it. I prefer the latter for two reasons.

First, fighting technology tends to be as fatal as fighting the Fed. As in, I can’t think of anyone in this business who is still in business that has resisted technological progression. There’s simply no way to compare financial statements without Excel or analyze the sheer volume of figures out there without using big data tools.

Second, every time technology has directly impacted investing and financial markets during my career, it has led to lower costs, more efficient tools, and/or a reduction in risk. Sure, it’s required an investment of time to learn something new, but the payback has been worth it.  

The bottom line is that technology is not a threat unless you make it one. I have no idea how the underlying technology running ChatGPT could change how we invest, but I’m pretty sure that if it does, it will be for the better. For now, I’m just impressed that it can generate a haiku about investing in less than ten seconds:









This material has been prepared for informational purposes only and should not be construed as a solicitation to effect, or attempt to effect, either transactions in securities or the rendering of personalized investment advice. This material is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for tax, legal, investment, accounting, or other financial advice. You should consult your own tax, legal, financial, and accounting advisors before engaging in any transaction. Asset allocation and diversification do not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss. All references to potential future developments or outcomes are strictly the views and opinions of Richard W. Paul & Associates and in no way promise, guarantee, or seek to predict with any certainty what may or may not occur in various economies and investment markets. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future performance.